© Dr. Hilmar Alquiros The Philippines 2002 ff.
Potenzprobleme?!
 Systeme International (SI) prefix
10^{33} 
Quintilliarden 
una, vendeka 
V  
10^{30} 
Quintillionen 
dea 
***  
10^{27} 
Quadrilliarden 
nea, xenna 
X  
10^{24} 
Quadrillionen 
Yetta 
Y 
from otto, eight Italian (1991) [also: otta] 
10^{21} 
Trilliarden 
Zetta 
Z 
from sette, seven Italian (1991) [also: hepa] 
10^{18} 
Trillionen 
Exa 
E 
from hex, six in Greek; griech. exa: über alles (1975) 
10^{15} 
Billiarden 
Peta 
P 
from pente, five in Greek; griech. petanünnein: alles umfassen (1975) 
10^{12} 
Billionen 
Tera 
T 
teras, monster in Greek; griech. teras: ungeheuer groß 
10^{9} 
Milliarden 
Giga 
G 
gigas, giant in Greek; griech. gigas: riesige Zahl 
10^{6} 
Millionen 
Mega 
M 
megas, huge in Greek griech. megas: große Zahl [Used c.1870, legal in France since 1919.] 
10^{5} 
Hunderttausend 
hectokilo  hk  
10^{4} 
Zehntausend 
myria  ma, my  1795 
10^{3} 
Tausend 
Kilo 
k 
khilioi, thousand in Greek, griech. chilioi: tausend 
10^{2} 
Hundert 
Hekto 
h 
hekaton, hundred in Greek; griech. hekaton: hundert 
10^{1} 
Zehn 
Deka 
D,da,dk 
deka, ten in Greek; griech. deka: zehn 
10^{0} 
(Eins) 
*** 
*** 
Unprefixed. 
10^{1} 
Zehntel 
Dezi 
d 
decimus, tenth in Latin; lat. decem: zehn (1793) 
10^{2} 
Hundertstel 
Zenti 
c 
centum, hundred in Latin; lat. centum: hundert (1793) 
10^{3} 
Tausendstel 
Milli 
m 
mille, thousand in Latin; lat. millesimus: der tausendste Teil (1793) 
10^{4} 
Zehntausendstel  decimilli,dimi  dm  
10^{5} 
Hunderttausendstel  centimilli  cm  
10^{6} 
Millionstel 
Mikro 
µ 
mikros, small in Greek; griech. mikros: klein, unbedeutend 
10^{9} 
Milliardstel 
Nano 
n 
nanos, dwarf in Greek; riech. nanos: zwerghaft klein (1960) 
10^{12} 
Billionstel 
Piko 
p 
pico, little bit in Spanish; ital. pico: sehr klein (1960) 
10^{15} 
Billiardstel 
Femto 
f 
femten, 15 in Danish or Norwegian; dän.norw. femten: 15 (1964) 
10^{18} 
Trillionstel 
Atto 
a 
atten, 18 in Danish or Norwegian; dän.norw. atten: 18 (1964) 
10^{21} 
Trilliardstel 
Zepto 
z 
from sept, seven Greek (1991) [also; fito] 
10^{24} 
Quadrillionstel 
Yocto 
y 
from okto, eight Greek (1991) [also; fito] 
10^{27} 
Quadrilliardstel 
syto, xenno 
x  
10^{30} 
Quintillionstel 
tredo 
***  
10^{33} 
Quintilliardstel 
revo, vendeko 
v 
The etymology of the SI prefixes is quite interesting in
itself. Many came from Greek and Latin via the French but a few are from
other European languages. The choice of femto was convenient because fm for
10^{15} metres coincides with the old symbol which was short for
fermi. Peta and exa were apparently modelled on tera by imagining that it
came from tetra (four in Greek) with the r dropped. Hence peta is penta with
the n dropped and exa is hexa with the h dropped. In the cases of yotta,
zetta, zepto and yocto the initial letters were obviously required because
they would not confuse with other symbols. Other than that they are roughly
modelled on previous prefixes.
http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/physics/Administrivia/notation.html
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Each prefix is represented by it's own symbol. The symbols are case sensitive. Thus, m means milli and M means mega.
Prefixes ranging from micro to mega were first introduced in 1874 by BAAS as part of their CGS system. Later, 12 prefixes ranging from pico to tera were defined as part of the International System of Units  SI, which was adopted in 1960. SI is maintained by BIPM under exclusive supervision of CIPM and resolutions made by CGPM. Further 8 prefixes were added to SI in years 1964 (femto, atto), 1975 (peta, exa) and 1991 (zetta, zepto, yotta, yocto).
The prefixes have the following etymology:
The names zepto and zetta are derived from septo, from
Latin septem which means seven (the seventh power of 10^{3})
and the letter 'z' is substituted for the letter 's' to avoid the duplicate
use of the letter 's' as a symbol in SI. The names yocto and yotta
are derived from Latin octo which means eight (the eighth power of 10^{3});
the letter 'y' is added to avoid the use of the letter 'o' as a symbol because
it may be confused with the number zero. The CGMP has decided to name the
prefixes, starting with the seventh, with the letters of the Latin alphabet,
but starting from the end. Therefore the choice of letters 'z' and 'y'. The
initial letter 'h' of the word hexa in standard French is silent, so it
was removed in order to simplify things.
http://members.optus.net/alexey/prefSI.html
Spaß muss sein:
10^{27}  etymology  10^{27}  etymology  

Morgan Burke (1993)  grouchi  groucho  Marx brother  
Tamara Munzner (1995) 
lotta L 
"many" (American or British slang) 
lotto l 
"minuscule" (chances in eponymous game) 
Alex LópezOrtiz? (Hoax: 19961998) 
nea  9 (Greek ennea) 
syto  ? 
Gérard Michon (2002) 
nova N 
9 (French neuf ) 
novo n 
9 (French neuf ) 
James
Yolkowski? (Hoax: 20012002) 
xenna X 
9 
xenno x 
9 
http://home.att.net/~numericana/answer/humor.htm#units
also see:
http://www.wakten.de/statistik.shtml
http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/z/zepto.htm
http://www.friesian.com/quanta.htm#note
http://www.cs.unb.ca/~alopezo/mathfaq/mathtext/node25.html
some more ...
>6 Million
>9 Milliarde
>12 Billion
>15 Billiarde
>18 Trillion
>21 Trilliarde
>24 Quadrillion
>27 Quadrilliarde
>30 Quintillion
>33 Quintilliarde
>36 Sextillion
>39 Sextilliarde
>42 Septillion
>45 Septilliarde
>48 Octillion
>51 Octilliarde
>54 Nintillion
>57 Nintilliarde
>60 Decillion
>63 Decilliarde
>66 Undecillion
>69 Undecilliarde
>72 Duodecillion
>75 Duodecilliarde
>78 Tredecillion
>81 Tredecilliarde
usw.
Quattuordecillion mit 84 nullen,
Quindecillion = 90 Nullen
sexdecillion = 96 Nullen
septendecillion = 102 nullen
octodecillion = 108 Nullen
novemdecillion = 114 Nullen
Vigintillion = 120 Nullen
Trigintillion = 180 Nullen
Quadragintillion = 240 Nullen
Quinquagintillion = 300 Nullen
Sexagintillion = 360 Nullen
Septuagintillion = 420 Nullen
Octogintillion = 480 Nullen,
Nonagintillion = 540 Nullen
Centillion = 600 Nullen
Ducentillion = 1.200 Nullen
Trecentillion = 1.800 Nullen
Quadringentillion = 2.400 Nullen
Quingentillion = 3.000 Nullen
Sescentillion = 3.600 Nullen
Septingentillion = 4.200 Nullen
Octingentillion = 4.800 Nullen
Nongentillion = 5.400 Nullen
Milliatillion = 6.000 Nullen
Domilliatillion = 12.000 Nullen
Tremilliatillion = 18.000 Nullen
und das geht dann unter anderem noch bis zur
Milliamilliatrecentunquinquaginmilliacentnovemquadragintillion.
usw.
http://www.f1.parsimony.net/forum1924/messages/105.htm
http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html
How Many? A
Dictionary of Units of Measurement
©
Russ Rowlett
and the University of North Carolina
at Chapel HillNames for Large Numbers
The English names for large numbers are coined from the Latin names for small numbers n by adding the ending illion suggested by the name "million." Thus billion and trillion are coined from the Latin prefixes bi (n = 2) and tri (n = 3), respectively. In the American system for naming large numbers, the name coined from the Latin number n applies to the number 10^{3n+3}. In a system traditional in many European countries, the same name applies to the number 10^{6n}.
In particular, a billion is 10^{9} = 1 000 000 000 in the American system and 10^{12} = 1 000 000 000 000 in the European system. For 10^{9}, Europeans say "thousand million" or "milliard."
Although we describe the two systems today as American or European, both systems are actually of French origin. The French physician and mathematician Nicolas Chuquet (14451488) apparently coined the words byllion and tryllion and used them to represent 10^{12} and 10^{18}, respectively, thus establishing what we now think of as the "European" system. However, it was also French mathematicians of the 1600's who used billion and trillion for 10^{9} and 10^{12}, respectively. This usage became common in France and in America, while the original Chuquet nomenclature remained in use in Britain and Germany. The French decided in 1948 to revert to the Chuquet ("European") system, leaving the U.S. as the chief standard bearer for what then became clearly an American system.
In recent years, American usage has eroded the European system, particularly in Britain and to a lesser extent in other countries. This is primarily due to American finance, because Americans insist that $1 000 000 000 be called a billion dollars. In 1974, the government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson announced that henceforth "billion" would mean 10^{9} and not 10^{12} in official British reports and statistics. The Times of London style guide now defines "billion" as "one thousand million, not a million million."
The result of all this is widespread confusion. Anyone who uses the words "billion" and "trillion" internationally should make clear which meaning of those words is intended. On the Internet, some sites outside the U.S. use the compound designation "milliard/billion" to designate the number 1 000 000 000. In science, the names of large numbers are usually avoided completely by using the appropriate SI prefixes. Thus 10^{9} bytes is a gigabyte and 10^{12} joules is a terajoule. Such terms cannot be mistaken.
There is no real hope of resolving the controversy in favor of either system. Americans are not likely to adopt the European nomenclature, and Europeans will always regard the American system as an imposition. However, it is possible to imagine a solution: junk both Latinbased systems and move to a Greekbased system in which, for n > 3, the Greek number n is used to generate a name for 10^{3n}. (The traditional names thousand and million are retained for n = 1 and 2 and the special name gillion, suggested by the SI prefix giga, is proposed for n = 3.)
n = 
10^{3n} = 
American 
European 
SI prefix 
Greekbased 
3 
10^{9} 
billion 
milliard 
giga 
gillion 
4 
10^{12} 
trillion 
billion 
tera 
tetrillion 
5 
10^{15} 
quadrillion 
billiard 
peta 
pentillion 
6 
10^{18} 
quintillion 
trillion 
exa 
hexillion 
7 
10^{21} 
sextillion 
trilliard 
zetta 
heptillion 
8 
10^{24} 
septillion 
quadrillion 
yotta 
oktillion 
9 
10^{27} 
octillion 
quadrilliard 

ennillion 
10 
10^{30} 
nonillion 
quintillion 

dekillion 
11 
10^{33} 
decillion 
quintilliard 

hendekillion 
12 
10^{36} 
undecillion 
sextillion 

dodekillion 
13 
10^{39} 
duodecillion 
sextilliard 

trisdekillion 
14 
10^{42} 
tredecillion 
septillion 

tetradekillion 
15 
10^{45} 
quattuordecillion 
septilliard 

pentadekillion 
16 
10^{48} 
quindecillion 
octillion 

hexadekillion 
17 
10^{51} 
sexdecillion 
octilliard 

heptadekillion 
18 
10^{54} 
septendecillion 
nonillion 

oktadekillion 
19 
10^{57} 
octodecillion 
nonilliard 

enneadekillion 
20 
10^{60} 
novemdecillion 
decillion 

icosillion 
21 
10^{63} 
vigintillion 
decilliard 

icosihenillion 
22 
10^{66} 
unvigintillion 
undecillion 

icosidillion 
23 
10^{69} 
duovigintillion 
undecilliard 

icositrillion 
24 
10^{72} 
trevigintillion 
duodecillion 

icositetrillion 
25 
10^{75} 
quattuorvigintillion 
duodecilliard 

icosipentillion 
26 
10^{78} 
quinvigintillion 
tredecillion 

icosihexillion 
27 
10^{81} 
sexvigintillion 
tredecilliard 

icosiheptillion 
28 
10^{84} 
septenvigintillion 
quattuordecillion 

icosioktillion 
29 
10^{87} 
octovigintillion 
quattuordecilliard 

icosiennillion 
30 
10^{90} 
novemvigintillion 
quindecillion 

triacontillion 
31 
10^{93} 
trigintillion 
quindecilliard 

triacontahenillion 
32 
10^{96} 
untrigintillion 
sexdecillion 

triacontadillion 
33 
10^{99} 
duotrigintillion 
sexdecilliard 

triacontatrillion 
This process can be continued indefinitely, but one has to stop somewhere. The name centillion (n = 100) has appeared in many dictionaries. A centillion is 10^{303} (1 followed by 303 zeroes) in the American system and a whopping 10^{600} (1 followed by 600 zeroes) in the European system.
Finally, there is the googol, the number 10^{100} (1 followed by 100 zeroes). Invented more for fun than for use, the googol lies outside the regular naming systems. The googol equals 10 duotrigintillion in the American system, 10 sexdecilliard in the European system, and 10 triacontatrillion in the proposed Greekbased system.
The googolplex (1 followed by a googol of zeroes) is far larger than any of the numbers discussed here.
John Knoderer American Numbering System and Place Values:
http://www.kokogiak.com/megapenny/default.asp
Numerical Prefixes  A prefix is a syllable at the beginning of a word. A numerical prefix lets you know how many there are of a particular thing. Here are some common numerical prefixes.
Prefix 
Prefix meaning 
Sample words 
uni 
1 
unicorn: mythical creature with one horn 
mono 
1 
monorail: train that runs on one track 
bi 
2 
bicycle: twowheeled vehicle 
tri 
3 
triceratops: threehorned dinosaur 
quadr 
4 
quadruped: fourfooted animal 
quint 
5 
quintuplets: five babies born at a single birth 
penta 
5 
pentagon: figure with five sides 
hex 
6 
hexapod: having six legs, an insect, for example 
sex 
6 
sextet: group of six musicians 
hept 
7 
heptathlon: athletic contest with seven events 
sept 
7 
septuplets: seven babies at a single birth 
octo 
8 
octopus: sea creature with eight arms 
novem 
9 
novena: prayers said over nine days 
deka or deca 
10 
decade: a period of 10 years 
http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0774340.html
© Dr. Hilmar Alquiros The Philippines 2002 ff.